Special Education Services


Special Education Services include a variety of services referred to as  Related Services or Supplementary Aides and Services.

These services are intended to improve student’s access to learning and their participation across the school day. 

For accountability and potability reasons, these services must be documented in the IEP.

Related Services: 

Related services are designed to help a student with a disability benefit from special education, in one area or another that he or she may need extra help in.  Related services can include, but are not limited to, any of the following:

  • Speech-language pathology and audiology services
  • Interpreting services
  • Psychological services
  • Physical and occupational therapy
  • Recreation, including therapeutic recreation
  • Early identification and assessment of disabilities in children
  • Counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling
  • Orientation and mobility services
  • Medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes
  • School health services and school nurse services
  • Social work services in schools
  • Parent counseling and training
  • Transportation
  • Extended School Year

Supplementary Aids and Services: 

Supplementary aids and services includes aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes, other education-related settings, and in extracurricular and nonacademic settings, to enable children with disabilities to be educated with non-disabled children to the maximum extent appropriate.  They can include, but are not limited to:

  • Supports to address environmental needs (e.g., preferential seating; planned seating on the bus, in the classroom and in other locations; room arrangement)
  • Levels of staff support needed (e.g., consultation, stop-in support, classroom companion, one-on-one assistance; type of personnel support: behavior specialist, health care assistant, instructional support assistant)
  • Planning time for collaboration needed by staff
  • Child’s specialized equipment needs (e.g., wheelchair, computer, software, augmentative communication device, utensils/cups/plates, restroom equipment)
  • Pacing of instruction needed (e.g., breaks, more time, home set of materials)
  • Presentation of subject matter needed (e.g., taped lectures, sign language, primary language, paired reading and writing)
  • Materials needed (e.g., scanned tests and notes into computer, shared note-taking, large print or Braille, assistive technology)
  • Assignment modification needed (e.g., shorter assignments, taped lessons, instructions broken down into steps, allow student to record or type assignment)
  • Organizational assistance needed (e.g., calendars, teach study skills)
  • Testing adaptations needed (e.g., read test to child, modify format, extend time)
  • Social interaction support needed (e.g., provide Circle of Friends, teach skills)
  • Training needed for personnel