Down syndrome is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children who have Down syndrome tend to have certain features, such as a flat face and a short neck. They also have some degree of intellectual disability. This varies from person to person. But in most cases it is mild to moderate.
Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. But with care and support, children who have Down syndrome can grow up to have healthy, happy, productive lives.
Down syndrome is caused by a problem with a baby’s chromosomes. Normally, a person has 46 chromosomes. But most people with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. In rare cases, other chromosome problems cause Down syndrome. Having extra or abnormal chromosomes changes the way the brain and body develop.
Many children with Down syndrome are also born with heart, intestine, ear, or breathing problems. These health conditions often lead to other problems, such as airway (respiratory) infections or hearing loss. But most of these problems can be treated.
information taken from Webmd.com
There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the United States. Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels. People with Down syndrome attend school, work, participate in decisions that affect them, and contribute to society in many wonderful ways.
DOWN SYNDROME AND SPECIAL EDUCATION
Having Down Syndrome itself, is not an eligibility criteria for special education services. Because Down Syndrome involves extra genetic material which causes delays in the way a child develops, both intellectually and physically, a child with Down Syndrome may be eligible for IDEA services under the IDEA categories of “Intellectual Disability” or “Speech Impairment.” Remember that Down Syndrome is the child’s Medical Diagnosis; Intellectual Disability or Speech Impairment is his or her IDEA disability eligibility category.